You are 15 weeks into pregnancy!
The face of the fetus is developing, eyebrows begins to grow and the hair growth rate also increases. The most special thing is that the fetus will hiccup in the womb, and this is the precursor that the fetus begins to breathe. If you can see his face, you can see his expressions of twitching etc. Probably in just a few days’ time, you can feel the fetal movement!
The fetus now is about 10 cm in length, weighs about 50 grams. His legs are longer than the arms, and the fingernails are completely formed, joints begin to move. All his small organs, nerve tissue and muscle starts working. The intestines move into the fetus’s body of; the liver begins to secrete bile that helps to digest fat; the pancreas begins to produce insulin, a hormone that converts sugar into energy.
Your uterus grows out of the pelvis and the navel will have obvious convex marks. The uterus can be felt about 7.6 ~ 10 cm below the naval.
Although the rate of hormones creation has slow down, you may still feel vulnerable, sensitive and irritable compared to before pregnancy. With the increase in gestational age, mothers heart and lung load increases, heart rate grow, with accelerated breathing and thus may increase the anxiety.
Important matters this week
- You may feel contractions, but do not worry. This is not a sign of miscarriage, but the uterus is preparing itself for smooth delivery.
- Specific examination: It is recommended by doctors for pregnant mothers to do a prenatal diagnosis about 15-18 weeks during pregnancy. There are specific tests to determine whether the fetus has congenital or genetic disease. This is especially so for pregnant women over the age of 35, or women who had past miscarriages or. If the mother is of blood type O and the father is of other blood type, it is recommended to do a hemolytic examination to find out the maternal and child blood type compatibility. If it shows incompatible, the doctor can be prepared to handle the pregnancy differently.
- Down syndrome: Down syndrome or 21 trisomy, is one of the most common serious birth defects. Although the incidence of the disease is not very high, but it is recommended that every mother go through the Down screening between 15-20weeks.
- Pregnancy Rhinitis: Pregnancy will be very obvious after 3 months of pregnancy. After childbirth, all these will disappear. Pregnant mother suffering from rhinitis should take medication under the doctor’s guidance, so as to not hurt the fetus.
- Intermittent and persistent vaginal bleeding: Benign hydatidiform mole has no special symptoms in the early stage and normal pregnant women. About 2-4 months into pregnancy, intermittent and persistent vaginal bleeding can occur. The initial amount of bleeding is lesser and dark red in color. This can happen repeatedly.
- Easy to perspire: As pregnant mothers blood flow increases, the body gets heaty and hence tends to perspire more often. Take a warm shower once or twice daily as personal hygiene is very important for pregnant mothers.
- Buy maternity dress: It has been 15 weeks and it’s time to fill your wardrobe with maternity clothings! Do not forget to doll up yourself beautifully during pregnancy, be a confident pregnant mother!
- Is it a baby boy or baby girl? Although the gender does not matter for most parents nowadays, you will still be curious whether the little one is a boy or girl. There are many myths regarding how to judge whether the baby is a boy or girl. You may like to check them out too, but remember not to take the myths too seriously.
Pregnant mothers may have certain food craving. Prospective father, please do not think it is vexatious and whimsical. This may be due to the lack of certain specific vitamins or minerals in the diet of pregnant mothers. Be on standby to buy trotters or milkshake anytime!
Down syndrome happens when there is an additional chromosome on top of twenty-one chromosome, resulting in neonatal physical development abnormalities, mental retardation etc. The risk of babies getting Down syndrome are more common in older pregnant mothers. The risk of this disease in relation to the mother’s age is 1/1000 between 20-29 years old; 1/900 between 30-34 years old; 1/400 between 35-36 years old; 1/250 between 37-39 years old; 1/100 between 40-44 years old; 1/25 for 45 years old and above.
The best Down syndrome screening period is between 15-20 weeks of pregnancy. (AFP) and villus-stimulating hormone (HGG) in the maternal serum were measured. In combination with the due date and gestational age, the risk factors of "Tang's children" can be calculated. In this way, 80% of the children with Down Syndrome can be detected.
About 2-3 weeks after the pregnant mother has her blood withdrawn, she needs to go through a routine prenatal examination by the outpatient doctor at the clinic and to get the results at the same time. If the serum screening is positive, the pregnant mother will need to go through amniotic fluid check-up to get a clearer diagnosis.
Now that your appetite has grown, you need to refrain from caffeine-containing beverages and food as they will affect the fetal brain, heart, liver and other organ development. Spicy food can cause constipation. High-sugar foods will make you overweight and induced pregnancy diabetes. Some foods that contain additives and preservatives can cause teratogenic and abortion. These foods have an adverse impact on your child to a certain degree, hence you need to pay attention what you intake during pregnancy. In order to maintain good oral health, you need to reduce the amount of sugar intake, especially during lunch break. Do not eat sugary food before going to bed at night. Consume celery, radish and other crude fiber-containing vegetables or apples, which are beneficial to your oral cleanliness; chewing also play the role of exercising your teeth and massaging your gums.
Refreshing cuisine – Sprouts with celery
Ingredients: celery, green bean sprouts, 150 grams of dried beancurd, 15 grams of sesame oil, 20 grams of vinegar, 3 grams of salt, 5 grams of garlic.
- Wash the celery. For the bigger ones, break open and cut into shorter stems measuring about 3cm each. Dip into boiling water a while then and then soak in cold water. Drain away the water and set aside for use.
- Wash the green bean sprouts and dip into boiling water a while, after which cool with cold water. Put together with the celery together
- Wash the dried beancurd, cut into thin slices. Mix it together with the celery, bean sprouts, then add sesame oil, vinegar, salt, garlic and mix well. Ready to serve.
In the 15th week, the fetus should get sufficient fresh oxygen after development of the fetus brain over the past weeks. Prenatal experts’ advice to pregnant mothers is to be open to the nature as much as possible through taking strolls as fresh air is conducive to fetal brain development and provides adequate oxygen to the fetal. Suburbs, parks, fields, waterfront, forests has high negative ion content that is beneficial to the development of the fetus brain.